Amritsar, home to the Golden Temple is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India. It is an important seat of Sikh history and culture. Being the gateway for travellers coming to India on the overland route from central Asia it soon became the centre of various commercial activities. There are various historical and religious sites – see Amritsar City Map. The most famous of them all in the Golden Temple which was founded by the fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ramdas and completed by his successor Guru Arjan Dev.
Here is a list of top places to visit in Amritsar :
Golden Temple : Sri Harmandir Sahib, also know as the Golden Temple in Amritsar is the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion. Also known as the Shri Darbar Shaib, it is in the center of the old part of Amritsar. The Golden Temple sits on a rectangular platform, surrounded by a pool of water called the Amrit Sarovar from which the City is named.
The entrance to the Golden Temple complex is through an ornate archway with intricate inlay work. Verses from the Granth Sahib are inscribed on the doorway. The main north entrance is under a Victorian clock tower. Known as the Darshani Deori, the entrance is up a flight of steps and down again to the temple and holy tank. The temple is a two storey marble structure reached by a causeway known as Guru´s Bridge. The lower storey is in white marble with the walls decorated with inlaid flower and animal motifs in the pietradura style of the Taj Mahal. The architecture of the golden temple is a blend of the Hindu and Muslim styles.
Jallian Wala Bagh : This place noted for its most notorious massacre under British rule. It is 400 meters north of the Golden Temple. The British General Dyer was the Lieutenant Governor of the province in 1919. He banned all meetings and demonstrations led by Indians against the economical set back by World War I. On 13 April 1919, pilgrims poured into Amritsar to celebrate the Baisakhi festival, a holiday in the Sikh calendar. In the afternoon thousands of people gathered at Jallian Wala Bagh to celebrate the Baisakhi. This ground surrounded by high walls on all sides has only a narrow alley for access. General Dyer personally led the troops to the sight and ordered his men to open fire without any warning. It resulted in the death of 379 and injured more than 1200. India was outraged by Dyer´s massacre. Gandhiji, called for a nation wide strike and started the Non-cooperation Movement, which became an important mile stone in the struggle for India´s Independence. Today this ground has been changed to a park and it has a pleasant garden. There is a narrow path between the houses which leads to the lawn of the park. At the entrance there is a memorial plaque which recounts the history. There is a well on the north side in which many people who tried to escape from the bullets were drowned, and remnants of walls have been preserved to show the bullet holes. At the east end of the garden there is a large memorial built in memory of those who died here.
Ram Bagh: This beautiful garden is named as a tribute to Guru Ram Das, the founder of the city. It is situated in the new part of town and has a museum in the summer palace built by the Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839) the Lion of Punjab. The museum contains weapons dating back to Mughal times and some portraits of the ruling houses of the Punjab and a replica of the diamond ´Kohinoor´. To commemorate the memory of his valour Ram Bagh has a lively statue of Maharaja Ranjit Singh saddled on a horse. It is closed on Wednesdays.
Summer place of Maharaja Ranjit Singh : Is situated in the middle of a beautiful garden called Ram bagh. This garden is laid out on the pattern of Shalimar Bagh at Lahore. Only its architecturally unique ´darshani deorhi´ has remained intact. A museum after the name of the Maharaja is set up here displaying oil paintings, miniatures, coins, abd weapons relating to the Sikh period.
Amritsar Readymate Tour Package
Duration: 13 N / 14 DAYS
Destinations: ( DELHI – SHIMLA – MANALI – DHARAMSHALA – DALHOUSIE – AMRITSAR – CHANDIGARH – DELHI )
DAY 01 : P/U HOTEL , DRIVER TO SHIMLA , DROP HOTEL , REST IN HOTEL
DAY 02 : FULL DAY SHIMLA CITY TOUR , OVERNIGHT HOTEL
DAY 03 : P/U HOTEL , DRIVER TO MANALI , REST AT HOTEL OVERNIGHT STAY
DAY 04 : FULL DAY CITY TOUR ( HADIMBA TEMPLE , MANU TEMPLE , VASHIST TEMPLE , ETC.
DAY 05 : IN MANALI ( VISIT ROTANG / SOLAN / KOTHI / MANI BY HIMANCHAL LOCAL TAXI )
DAY 06 : P/U HOTEL DRIVER TO DHARAMSHALA , VISIT MCHELODGANJ , OVERNIGHT THERE
DAY 07 : FULL DAY DHARAMSHALA CITY TOUR
DAY 08 : DRIVE TO DALHOUSIE , VISIT KHAJJIAR
DAY 09 : VISIT CHAMBA – OVERNIGHT IN DALHOUSIE
DAY 10 : DRIVE TO AMRITSAR , CITY TOUR
DAY 11 : FULL DAY AMRITSAR CITY TOUR
DAY 12 : DRIVE TO CHANDIGAR , NIGHT STAY
DAY 13 : FULL DAY CHANDIGARH CITY TOUR.
DAY 14 : BACK TO DELHI
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